Therapeutic Puppetry 
Empowering - Transformative - Healing

Ablow, J.C., Measelle, J.R. (1993). The Berkeley puppet interview manuals. Berkeley, CA University of California. 

Alger, I, Linn, S & Beardslee, W. (1985). Puppetry as a therapeutic tool for hospitalized children. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 1985 Feb, Vol. 36 (2), pp.129-30.

Aronoff, M. (1992). A soul in the palm of a hand. Therapy Weekly. 19(10), 8. (Download copy here)

Aronoff, M. (1995). Unmasking our Grief. Scottish Child. Dec 1994-Jan 1995, 11. (Download copy here)

Aronoff, M. (1996). Puppetry as a therapeutic medium: An introduction. Brittish Journal of Therapeutic Rehabilitation, 3, 210-214 (Parts in Bernier, M & O´Hare, J from 2005)

Aronoff, M. (1997). Puppetry projects with children in psychiatric assessment units of pediatric hospitals. La Marionette et Les Ages de la VieComte Rendu Villéme Colloque International, Organisé par Association "Marionette et Thérapie", 14-18.

Astell-Burt, C. (1981). Puppetry for mentally handicapped people.  London: Souvenir Press (teacher at London Scool of Puppetry)

Astell-Burt, C. (2002). I am the story – The Art of Puppetry in Education and Therapy. London: Souvenir Press.   

Bender, L. & Woltmann, A. (1936). The use of puppet shows as a therapeutic method for behaviour problems in children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 6, 341-354.

Bender, L. & Woltmann, A. (1937). The use of plastic material as a psychiatric approach emotional problems in children. The American journal of orthopsychiatry, vol 7 issue 3, 283-300. 

Bender, L (1941) Play and psychotherapy. The Nervous Child, 17-42. 

Benson, K. & Schenker, L. (1968). Theoretical and practical considerations bearing on the applicability of puppetry as a group therapeutic method in the treatment of chronic schizofrenic patients. Pszichologiai Tanulmanyok, No.11, 1968 p.753-764.  

Bernier, M. & O´Hare, J. (Ed) (2005). Puppetry in Education and Therapy – Unlocking Doors to the Mind and Heart.  Indiana: Authorhouse. (26 authors, 8 of them in the therapeutic area)

Bernier, M. (1983). Puppetry as an art therapy technique with emotionally disturbed children. Master thesis, Hahnemann University. 183 typewrited pages. (Download copy here)

Bratton, S.C. (1995). Group puppetry. IIn D.S. Sweeney et al (Eds), The handbook of group play therapy: How to do it, how it works, whom its best for. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bromfield, R. (1995). The use of puppets in play therapy. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 12(6), 435-444.

Burch, C. (1980). Puppet Play in a Thirteen-Year-Old Boy: Remembering, Repeating, and
Working Through. Clinical social work journal. Vol.8(2). s.79-89.

Butler, S., Guterman, J. & Rudes, J. (2009). Using Puppets with Children in Narrative Therapy to Externalize the Problem. Journal Of Mental Health Counseling, 31 (3), ss. 225- 233.

Carter, R.B. & Mason P.S. (1998). The selection and use of puppets in counselling. Professional School Counseling 1(5), 50-54.

Cole, N.A. (1993). Lend them a hand: Therapeutic puppetry.  Box 45,  Milford,  Ontario,  Canada, KOK 2PO: Arthur Cole

Dehghan, Z., Reyhani, T., Mohammadpour, V., Aemmi, S.Z., Shojaeian, R.,& Asgharinekah, S.M.(2017). The Effectiveness of Dramatic Puppet and Therapeutic Playing. Anxiety Reduction in Children Undergoing Surgery.

Dilien, L. (2009). When puppets speak: Dialectical psychodrama within developmental child psychotherapy. Journal of Constructivist Psychology 22(1), 55-82. 

Drewes, A.A., Schaefer, C.E(2018) (Ed.). Puppet Play Therapy - A practical guidebook. New York: Routledge. 

Egge, D. (1987). Puppets and adolescents: A group guidance workshop approach. Elementary School Guidance Counseling, 21, 183-192.  

Ekstein, R. (1965). Puppet play of a psychotic adolescent girl in the psychotherapeutic process. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 20, 441-480. 

Frey, D. (2006). Puppetry Interventions for Traumatized Clients. In: Expressive and creative arts methods for trauma survivors. Carey, L (Ed). Jessica Kingsley Publishers, pp.181-191. 

Gauda, G. (2007). Theorie und Praxis des therapeutischen Puppenspiels. Books on Demand GmbH, Norderstedt.

Gauda, G. (2008). Traumatherapie und Puppenspiel. Wie Dornröschen sich selbst erlöste. Books on Demand.

Gauda, G. (Ed) (2004). Puppen- und Maskenspiel in der Therapie – Aus der Arbeit in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Therapeutisches Puppenspiel.  Frankfurt: Puppen & Masken.

Gauda, G. (Ed) (2010). Therapeutisches Puppenspiel in der Gruppenarbeit. Berichte aus der Praxis. Norderstedt: Books on Demand GmbH.

Gauda, G. (2016). Konigskinder und drachen - handbuch des therapeutischen puppenspiels. Books on demand.

Gendler, M. (1986). Group puppetry with school-age children: Rationale, procedure and therapeutic implications. The Arts in Psychotherapy 13, 45-52.

Gerity, L. (1999). Creativity and the dissociative patient: Puppets, narrative, and art in the treatment of survivors of childhood trauma.  London: Jessica Kingsley. 

Gerity, L. (2006). Art and community building from the puppet and mask maker´s perspective. In Kaplan, L (Ed.) Art therapy and social action. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 

Gill, E. (1994). Play in family therapy. New York: Guilford.

Greaves, A.E., Camic, P.M., Maltby, M., Richardson, K. & Mylläri, L. (2012). A multiple single case design study of group therapeutic puppetry with people with severe mental illness. The Arts in Psychotherapy, Sep 2012, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p.251-261. 

Howells, J.G. (1973). Puppetry as a medium for play diagnosis. Child psychiatry quarterly, 6(1), 9-14.

Irwin, E. & Shapiro, M. (1975). Puppetry as a diagnostic and therapeutic technique. I Jakab (red) Psychiatry and art (4).  New York: S. Karger

Irwin, E. & Malloy, E. (1975). Family puppet Interview. Family Process, 14, 179-191

Irwin, E. (1980). The projective value of puppets. In Herink, R (ed.) Psychotherapy handbook. NY: New American Library.

Irwin, E. (1985). Puppets in therapy: An assessment procedure. Journal of Psychotherapy, 34(3) 289-400.

Irwin, E. (1993). Using puppets for assessment. In Shaefer, C.E (Ed.) Play therapy techniques. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

Irwin, E. (2000). The use of a puppet interview to understand children. In Play diagnosis and assessment (pp. 682-703). New York: Wiley.

Hartwig Kjellstrand, E., & Hudspeth, F. (2014). Puppets in the Playroom: Utilizing Puppets and Child-Centered Facilitative Skills as a Metaphor for Healing. International Journal of Play Therapy. 23.4: 204-16.

Knell, S. (2000). Puppet sentence completion test. In K. Gitlin-Weiner, K. Sandgrund, & C.Schaefer (Eds.) Play diagnosis and assessment. New York: Wiley. 

Kors, P. (1963). The use of puppetry in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy. 17, 54-63

Kors, P. (1964). Unstructured puppet shows as group procedure in therapy with children. Psychiatric Quarterly Supplement, 38(1), 1964 pp.56-75.

Korosec, H. ( ). Symbolic Play - The Way of Communication in the classroom (film)

Koppelman, R. (1984). Handpuppetry with a chronic psychiatric population. Jan 1984, The Arts in Psychotherapy.

Lagerqvist, I. (1976). Handdockan som kontaktmedel i terapi och pedagogik. I boken Omsorg om utvecklingsstörda, Grunewald, K (red), NoK

Lagerqvist, I. (1981). Dockteater – också på de svagas villkor. Dockteatern 3-1981, UNIMA-bulletinen Sverige. 

Lambert, M. (1945). Children in Conflict, Twelve Years of psychoanalytic practice. New York: International Universities Press. 

Lawry, L. (1951). The use of puppets in child psychotherapy. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 24, 206-214.

Lyle, J. (1941). The therapeutic value of puppets. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 5, 223-226.

Linn, S. (1978). Puppet therapy in hospitals: Helping children cope. Journal of the American Medical Women´s Association, Feb, 62. 

Linn, S., Beardslee, W. & Patenaude, A.F. (1986). Puppet therapy with pediatric bone marrow transplant patients. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 11(1), 37-46.

Marshall, K. (2013). Puppetry in Dementia Care - connecting through creativity and joy. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Majaron, E. & Kroflin, L. (Ed) The UNIMA Puppets in Education Commission (2002). The Puppet, What a Miracle! Zagreb: Grafocentar (English / French / Spanish) 

Mykles, B. (2000). The Puppet and Childrens Creative Thought. Ånd I Hanske 2-2000.

Nutting, R. (2015). The Strength of Children Externalizing the Effects of Cronic Illness Through Narrative Puppetry. Journal of Family Psychotherapy. Jan-Mar 2015, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p.9-14.

Pelicand, J., Gagnayre, R., Sandrin-Berthon, Aujoulat, I. (2006). A therapeutic education programme for diabetic children: Recreacational, creative methods, and use of puppets. Patient Education and Counseling 60, 152-163.

Petzold, H. (Hrsg) (1983). Puppen und Puppenspiel in der Psychotherapie - Mit Kindern, Erwachsenen und alten Menschen. München: Verlag J Pfeiffer.

Pfeiffer, W.M. (1967). The play with hand-puppets in the therapy of psychoses. Puppet Post. London: Educational Puppetry Association.

Pfeiffer, W.M. (1977). Puppets and psychotherapy. In A.R.Philpott (Ed) Puppets and therapy (pp 7-48) Boston: Plays.

Philips, M.E. (1996). Looking back: The use of drama and puppetry in occupational therapy during the 1920´s and 1930´s. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 50(3), 229-233.

Robbins, A. (1992). The play of psychotherapeutic artistry and psycho aesthetics. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 19, 177-186

Rojas-Bermúdez, J. (1970). Títeres y psicodrama el objeto intermediario / Puppets and psychodrama : the intermediary object. Buenos Aires

Rojas-Bermudez, J. (1985) Puppets and Psychodrama. Buenos Aires: Celsius.

Rosenberg, M.B. (2015). Nonviolent Communication - A Language of Life. Life-Changing Tools for Healthy Relatioships. Encinitas: Puddle Dancer Press.  

Ross, P.T. (1977). A diagnostic technique for assessment of parent-child and family interaction patterns: Family puppet technique for therapy with families with young children. Family Therapy 4(2), 129-142.

Schatz, I.M. (1998). Meeting Noodle Face Noah. Journal of Family Psychotherapy. June 1998, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p. 1-13.

Schneider, M. (2015). A hand in healing - the power of expressive puppetry. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Schuman, S.H., Marcus, D. & Nesse, D. (1973). Puppetry and the mentally ill. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy. Nov-Dec 1973, Vol. 27 (8), p.484-6. 

Shapiro, D.E. (1995). Puppet modeling technique for children undergoing stressful medical procedures: Tips for clinicians.International Journal of Play Therapy, 4(2), 31-39.

Shuttleworth, R. (1986). Alternate methods of communicating with children in family therapy. Maladjustment and Therapeutic Education, 4, 55-66.

Sommers, S. (1977). Marionette-making and self-awareness. American Journal of Art Therapy, 16 (2), 51-53 

Sori, C.F. (2010). Rappin´ family puppet interview. In L. Lowenstein (Ed.), Creative family therapy techniques (pp.63-66). Toronto, Canada: Champion Press Books.

Sori, C.F. (2011). Puppet reflective teams in family therapy. In H.G. Rosenthal (Ed), Favourite counseling and therapy techniques (2nd ed., pp. 281-290). New York: Routledge.

Sori, C.F. (2015). Using the family puppet interview in assessment and goal setting. In C.F. Sori, L. Hecker, & M. Bachenberg (Eds.), The therapist´s notebook for children and adolescents (2nd ed., pp. 21-26). New York, NY: Routledge. 

Steinhardt, L. (1994). Creating the autonomous image through puppet theatre and art therapy. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 21, 3, 205-218.

Steinhadt, L. (1995). Longterm creative therapy with a borderline psychotic boy. American Journal of Art Therapy, Nov 1, 1995; 34 (2): 43-9.

Sullivan, D. (1982). Pocketful of puppets: Activities for the special child with mental, physical and multiple handicaps.  Austin, TX: Nancy Renfro Studios. 

Viklund, Å. (2017). Puppets in Psychotherapy - an international web based study among clinicians. Umeå University, Sweden. (Psychotherapy programme essay, 7.5 ECTS, download on

Vizzini, J.F. (2003). A comparison study of puppet therapy to regular therapy in a chemical dependency twelve-step treatment facility. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Loyola College in Mayland.   

Walters, M. (2009). Dockor som sceniskt uttryck. Dramatiska Institutet Skriftserie 9.09. Stockholm: Katarina Tryck.(

Weiss, F. (1997). The field of wings: Puppetry as therapy from an object relations point of view and incorporating field psychology. In Robbins, A (Ed) Therapeutic presence: Bridging expression and form. London: Jessica Kingsley Publisher.

Wilson, K., Kendrick, P. & Ryan, V. (1992). Play therapy: A non directive approach for children and adolescents.  London; Ballière-Tindall.

Woltmann, A.G. (1952). Puppet shows as a psychotherapeutic method. In L Bender (Ed) Child Psychiatric Techniques. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas

Woltmann, A.G. (1960). Spontaneous puppetry by children as a projective method. In A Rabin & M Howarth (Eds). Projective techniques with children (pp 305-312) New York: Grune & Stratton.

Woltmann, A.G. (1972). Puppetry as a tool in child psychotherapy. International Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 1(1), 84-96. 

Wüthrich, K. & Gauda, G. (1990). Botschaften der Kinderseele: Puppenspiel als Schlüssel zum Verständnis unserer Kinder. München: Kösel, cop.

Wüthrich, K & Harter, K. (2007). Das therapeutische Puppenspiel. Ein Spiegel der kindlichen Seele. Tyskland: Kösel-Verlag. (224 s)

Zelevansky, P. (2006). Presece: The touch of the puppet. The American Journal of Psychoanalysis 66(3), 263-288.