Therapeutic Puppetry 
Empowering - Transformative - Healing

APA - format: Author - Date - Title - Source. First names has been added when found.

Article: Author, A.A., (Year). Title of article. Journal name, Volume(Issue), page/pages.

Book: Author, B.B., (Year). Title of book. Publisher. 

Ablow, Jennifer C., Measelle, Jeffrey R. (1993). The Berkeley puppet interview manuals. Berkeley, CA University of California. 

Alger, Ian, Linn, Susan & Beardslee, William. (1985). Puppetry as a therapeutic tool for hospitalized children. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 1985 Feb, Vol. 36 (2), pp.129-30.

Aronoff, Mickey. (1992). A soul in the palm of a hand. Therapy Weekly. 19(10), 8. (Download copy here)

Aronoff, Mickey. (1995). Unmasking our Grief. Scottish Child. Dec 1994-Jan 1995, 11. (Download copy here)

Aronoff, Mickey. (1996). Puppetry as a therapeutic medium: An introduction. Brittish Journal of Therapeutic Rehabilitation, 3, 210-214 (Parts in Bernier, M & O´Hare, J from 2005)

Aronoff, Mickey. (1997). Puppetry projects with children in psychiatric assessment units of pediatric hospitals. La Marionette et Les Ages de la VieComte Rendu Villéme Colloque International, Organisé par Association "Marionette et Thérapie", 14-18.

Astell-Burt, Caroline. (1981). Puppetry for mentally handicapped people.  London: Souvenir Press (teacher at London Scool of Puppetry)

Astell-Burt, Caroline. (2002). I am the story – The Art of Puppetry in Education and Therapy. London: Souvenir Press.   

Bastasic, Zlatko. (2014). Puppets in Psychotherapy.

Bender, Lauretta. & Woltmann, Adolf. (1936). The use of puppet shows as a therapeutic method for behaviour problems in children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 6, 341-354.

Bender, Lauretta. & Woltmann, Adolf. (1937). The use of plastic material as a psychiatric approach emotional problems in children. The American journal of orthopsychiatry, vol 7 issue 3, 283-300. 

Bender, Lauretta (1941) Play and psychotherapy. The Nervous Child, 17-42. 

Benson, K. & Schenker, L. (1968). Theoretical and practical considerations bearing on the applicability of puppetry as a group therapeutic method in the treatment of chronic schizofrenic patients. Pszichologiai Tanulmanyok, No.11, 1968 p.753-764.  

Bernier, Matthew. & O´Hare, Judith. (Ed) (2005). Puppetry in Education and Therapy – Unlocking Doors to the Mind and Heart.  Indiana: Authorhouse. (26 authors, 8 of them in the therapeutic area)

Bernier, Matthew. (1983). Puppetry as an art therapy technique with emotionally disturbed children. Master thesis, Hahnemann University. 183 typewrited pages. (Download copy here)

Boon, Timothy. (2001). Expressive Puppetry in Hospice Care. Caring Magazine. October 2001.

Boulifard, David. Dissertation. Effects of a puppet -based interview technique on young children's behavioral self -report. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Bratton, Sue C. (1995). Group puppetry. IIn D.S. Sweeney et al (Eds), The handbook of group play therapy: How to do it, how it works, whom its best for. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bromfield, Richard. (1995). The use of puppets in play therapy. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 12(6), 435-444.

Browner, Joan. (1991). Use of Hand Puppets to Assess Sexual Abuse in Preoperational Age Children, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. 

Burch, Charles. (1980). Puppet Play in a Thirteen-Year-Old Boy: Remembering, Repeating, and
Working Through. Clinical social work journal. Vol.8(2). s.79-89.

Bunting, Kenneth. (1984). The Use And Effect Of Puppetry And Bibliotherapy In Group Counseling With Children Of Divorced Parents, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Bunyasai, Nathasri., & Rugg, Kenneth W. (1989). Puppetry in the Sarah Center Treatment Program for Sexually-abused Children, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Butler, Sue., Guterman, Jeffrey. & Rudes, James. (2009). Using Puppets with Children in Narrative Therapy to Externalize the Problem. Journal Of Mental Health Counseling, 31 (3), ss. 225- 233.

Carter, Richard B. & Mason Perry S. (1998). The selection and use of puppets in counselling. Professional School Counseling 1(5), 50-54.

Carter, Stephanie. (1987). Use of puppets to treat traumatic grief. Elementary School Guidance and Counseling. February 1987.

Cassell, Sylvia., & Paul, Milton. (1967). The role of puppet therapy on the emotional responses of children hospitalized for cardiac catheterization. The Journal of Pediatrics, 71(2), 233-239.

Cole, Nancy A. & McConell, Judith L. (1993). Lend them a hand: Therapeutic puppetry.  Box 45,  Milford,  Ontario,  Canada, KOK 2PO: Arthur Cole.

Cook, Jo Ann L. (2018). Finger puppets in Play Therapy. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Crenshaw, David. A., & Kelly, Jillian E. (2018). The use of puppets in psychodynamic child therapy. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Dehghan, Z., Reyhani, T., Mohammadpour, V., Aemmi, S.Z., Shojaeian, R.,& Asgharinekah, Seyed Mohsen.(2017). The Effectiveness of Dramatic Puppet and Therapeutic Playing. Anxiety Reduction in Children Undergoing Surgery.

Dilien, Let et al. (2009). When puppets speak: Dialectical psychodrama within developmental child psychotherapy. Journal of Constructivist Psychology 22(1), 55-82. 

Drewes, Athena A., Schaefer, Charles E(2018) (Ed.). Puppet Play Therapy - A practical guidebook. New York: Routledge. 

Drewes, Athena A. (2018). Play Therapy Puppet Techniques for Childhood Sexual Abuse Trauma. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Du Plessis, Yolandi., Muller, Julian., & Mueller, Y. (2007). The use of a hand puppet in narrative therapeutic conversations. Hts Teologiese Studies-Theological Studies, 63(3), 1299-1317. 

Egge, Debora. (1987). Puppets and adolescents: A group guidance workshop approach. Elementary School Guidance Counseling, 21, 183-192.  

Ekstein, Rudolf. (1965). Puppet play of a psychotic adolescent girl in the psychotherapeutic process. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 20, 441-480. 

Epstein, Iris, Stevens, Bonnie, McKeever, Patricia, Baruchel, Sylvain, & Jones, Heather. (2008). Using puppetry to elicit children's talk for research. Nursing Inquiry, 15(1), 49-56.

Escobar, E. (2015). El títere como herramienta de trabajo en arteterapia/The puppet as a tool for working in Art Therapy. Arteterapia, 10(0), 301-317.

Foraker-Koons, Kimanne, & Sori, Catherine Ford. (2016). A guide to making puppets without breaking the bank. In C. F. Sori, L. L. Hecker, & M. E. Bachenberg (Eds.), The therapist's notebook for children and adolescents: Homework, handouts, and activities for use in psychotherapy (p. 327–330). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Fosheim, Helene Byhring Dukkenes helbredende magi - Bruk av dukker i familieterapi (Puppets in Family therapy), Masters thesis, University of Oslo and Akershus, Norway.

Frey, Diane. (2006). Puppetry Interventions for Traumatized Clients. In: Expressive and creative arts methods for trauma survivors. Carey, L (Ed). Jessica Kingsley Publishers, pp.181-191. 

Gauda, Gudrun. (2007). Theorie und Praxis des therapeutischen Puppenspiels. Books on Demand GmbH, Norderstedt.

Gauda, Gudrun. (2008). Traumatherapie und Puppenspiel. Wie Dornröschen sich selbst erlöste. Books on Demand.

Gauda, Gudrun. (Ed) (2004). Puppen- und Maskenspiel in der Therapie – Aus der Arbeit in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Therapeutisches Puppenspiel.  Frankfurt: Puppen & Masken.

Gauda, Gudrun. (Ed) (2010). Therapeutisches Puppenspiel in der Gruppenarbeit. Berichte aus der Praxis. Norderstedt: Books on Demand GmbH.

Gauda, Gudrun. (2016). Konigskinder und drachen - handbuch des therapeutischen puppenspiels. Books on demand.

Gendler, Mary. (1986). Group puppetry with school-age children: Rationale, procedure and therapeutic implications. The Arts in Psychotherapy 13, 45-52.

Gerity, Lani. (1999). Creativity and the dissociative patient: Puppets, narrative, and art in the treatment of survivors of childhood trauma.  London: Jessica Kingsley. 

Gerity, Lani. (2006). Art and community building from the puppet and mask maker´s perspective. In Kaplan, L (Ed.) Art therapy and social action. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 

Gerity, Lani., & Wilson, Laurie. (1997). The Reparative Qualities of Art Therapy: Dissociative Identity Disorder and Body Image Development, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Gill, Eliana. (1994). Play in family therapy. New York: Guilford.

Gil, Eliana., & Smesler, Quinn K. (2018). Puppets in Family Therapy With a Case of Trauma and Sexual Abuse. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Grant, Frances. (1950). The "Kasperl theatre" as Play Therapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy.  

Graham, Bill. (1979). The effectiveness of hand puppet - use by children in obtaining diagnostic information in interviewing. Dissertation.

Greaves, Adele E., Camic, Paul M., Maltby, Michael., Richardson, Kate. & Mylläri, Leena. (2012). A multiple single case design study of group therapeutic puppetry with people with severe mental illness. The Arts in Psychotherapy, Sep 2012, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p.251-261. 

Greaves, Adele., Maltby, Michael, & Camic, Paul. (2011). An Initial Investigation into the Effectiveness of Group Therapeutic Puppetry with Adults with Severe Mental Illness, PQDT - Global.

Hartwig Kjellstrand, Elizabeth., & Hudspeth, F. (2014). Puppets in the Playroom: Utilizing Puppets and Child-Centered Facilitative Skills as a Metaphor for Healing. International Journal of Play Therapy. 23.4: 204-16.

Hartwig Kjellstrand, Elizabeth. (2018). The Child-Centered Approach to Puppet Play With Children. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Hatamiya, Claire Naomi: Using Puppets: An Investigation Of Children’s Self-Reports Of Their Temperament. Dissertation.  

Howells, J.G. (1973). Puppetry as a medium for play diagnosis. Child psychiatry quarterly, 6(1), 9-14.

Intellect journals. (2020). Applied Theatre Research. Special Issue Àpplied Puppetry´, 8(1).  

Intellect journals. (2020). Journal of Applied Arts & Health. Specal Double Issue: Ápplied Puppetry in Health´, 11(1&2).  

Irwin, Eleanor. & Shapiro, Marvin. (1975). Puppetry as a diagnostic and therapeutic technique. I Jakab (red) Psychiatry and art (4).  New York: S. Karger

Irwin, Eleanor. & Malloy, Elaine. (1975). Family puppet Interview. Family Process, 14, 179-191

Irwin, Eleanor. (1980). The projective value of puppets. In Herink, R (ed.) Psychotherapy handbook. NY: New American Library.

Irwin, Eleanor. (1985). Puppets in therapy: An assessment procedure. Journal of Psychotherapy, 34(3) 289-400.

Irwin, Eleanor. (1993). Using puppets for assessment. In Shaefer, C.E (Ed.) Play therapy techniques. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

Irwin, Eleanor. (2000). The use of a puppet interview to understand children. In Play diagnosis and assessment (pp. 682-703). New York: Wiley.

Jacono, John and Brenda. (2008). The Use of Puppetry for Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention Among Mi´Kmaq Youth. Journal of Holistic Nursing 2008 26: 50.

Jenkins, R., & Beckh, Erica. (1942). Finger Puppets And Mask Making As Media For Work With Children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 12(2), 294-300.

Knell, Susan. (2000). Puppet sentence completion test. In K. Gitlin-Weiner, K. Sandgrund, & C.Schaefer (Eds.) Play diagnosis and assessment. New York: Wiley. 

Kohler, Marc (n.d) Handbook for the Kohler Puppetry Method. Read on website, click HERE

Kors, Pieter. (1963). The use of puppetry in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy. 17, 54-63

Kors, Pieter. (1964). Unstructured puppet shows as group procedure in therapy with children. Psychiatric Quarterly Supplement, 38(1), 1964 pp.56-75.

Korosec, Helena. ( ). Symbolic Play - The Way of Communication in the classroom [film].

Koppelman, R.uby (1984). Handpuppetry with a chronic psychiatric population. Jan 1984, The Arts in Psychotherapy.

Kroflin, Livija (Ed).(2012). The Power of the Puppet. The UNIMA Puppets in Education and Therapy Commission. Croatian Centre of UNIMA, Zagreb. Download HERE (right column).

Lagerqvist, Ingrid. (1976). Handdockan som kontaktmedel i terapi och pedagogik. I boken Omsorg om utvecklingsstörda, Grunewald, K (red), NoK

Lagerqvist, Ingrid. (1981). Dockteater – också på de svagas villkor. Dockteatern 3-1981, UNIMA-bulletinen Sverige. 

Lambert, Madeleine. (1945). Children in Conflict, Twelve Years of psychoanalytic practice. New York: International Universities Press. 

Lawry, Hawkey. (1951). The use of puppets in child psychotherapy. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 24, 206-214.

Lyle, Jeanetta & Holly, Sophie. (1941). The therapeutic value of puppets. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 5, 223-226.

Linn, Susan. (1978). Puppet therapy in hospitals: Helping children cope. Journal of the American Medical Women´s Association, Feb, 62. 

Linn, Susan., Beardslee, William. & Patenaude, Andrea Farkas. (1986). Puppet therapy with pediatric bone marrow transplant patients. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 11(1), 37-46.

Malhotra, Bani.(2019) Art Therapy With Puppet Making to Promote Emotional Empathy for an Adolescent With Autism.

Marshall, Karrie. (2013). Puppetry in Dementia Care - connecting through creativity and joy. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Majaron, Edi. & Kroflin, Livija. (Ed). (2002). The Puppet, What a Miracle! The UNIMA Puppets in Education Commission Zagreb: Grafocentar. (English / French / Spanish). Download HERE (right column).

Meany-Walen, Kristin K. (2018). Puppet Play in Adlerian Therapy. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Measelle, Jeffrey., & Ablow, Jennifer. C. (2018). The Berkeley Puppet Interview for Child Assessment. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 29–47). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Measelle, Jeffrey., Ablow, Jennifer., Cowan, Philip A, & Cowan, Caroline P. (1998). Assessing Young Children's Views of Their Academic, Social, and Emotional Lives: An Evaluation of the Self‐Perception Scales of the Berkeley Puppet Interview Child Development, December 1998, Vol.69(6), pp.1556-1576.

Mykles, Björg. (2000). The Puppet and Childrens Creative Thought. Ånd I Hanske 2-2000.

Myers, Donald. (1970). A Comparison Of The Effects Of Group Puppet Therapy And Group Activity With Mentally Retarded Children, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. 

Neff, George. (1963). The Creative Imagination Of Young Children As Revealed In A Puppet Construction And Puppet Performance Test, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. 

Nutting, Ruth. (2015). The Strength of Children Externalizing the Effects of Cronic Illness Through Narrative Puppetry. Journal of Family Psychotherapy. Jan-Mar 2015, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p.9-14.

Parson, Judi. (2018). Puppet Play in Medical Settings. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Pelicand, Julie, Gagnayre, Remi., Sandrin-Berthon, Birgitte, Aujoulat, Isabelle. (2006). A therapeutic education programme for diabetic children: Recreacational, creative methods, and use of puppets. Patient Education and Counseling 60, 152-163.

Petzold, Hilarion. (Hrsg) (1983). Puppen und Puppenspiel in der Psychotherapie - Mit Kindern, Erwachsenen und alten Menschen. München: Verlag J Pfeiffer.

Pfeiffer, Wolfgang M. (1967). The play with hand-puppets in the therapy of psychoses. Puppet Post. London: Educational Puppetry Association.

Pfeiffer, Wolfgang M. (1977). Puppets and psychotherapy. In A.R.Philpott (Ed) Puppets and therapy (pp 7-48) Boston: Plays.

Philips, Mary Ellen. (1996). Looking back: The use of drama and puppetry in occupational therapy during the 1920´s and 1930´s. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 50(3), 229-233.

Ringoot, Anki., Jansen, Pauline., Steenweg-de Graaff, Jolian., Measelle, Jeffrey., Van der Ende, Jan., Raat, Hein., . . . Tiemeier, Henning. (2013). Young Children’s Self-Reported Emotional, Behavioral, and Peer Problems: The Berkeley Puppet Interview. Psychological Assessment, 25(4), 1273-1285.

Robbins, Arthur. (1992). The play of psychotherapeutic artistry and psycho aesthetics. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 19, 177-186

Rojas-Bermúdez, Jaime. (1970). Títeres y psicodrama el objeto intermediario / Puppets and psychodrama : the intermediary object. Buenos Aires

Rojas-Bermudez, Jaime. (1985) Puppets and Psychodrama. Buenos Aires: Celsius.

Rosenberg, Marshall B. (2015). Nonviolent Communication - A Language of Life. Life-Changing Tools for Healthy Relatioships. Encinitas: Puddle Dancer Press.  

Ross, P.atricia Tracy. (1977). A diagnostic technique for assessment of parent-child and family interaction patterns: Family puppet technique for therapy with families with young children. Family Therapy 4(2), 129-142.

Ross, P.T (1991) The Family Puppet technique - For assessing Parent-Child and Family Interaction Patterns. In Gitlin-Weiner., Sandgrund & Schaefer Play Diagnosis and Assessment.

Schatz, Irene Molner. (1998). Meeting Noodle Face Noah. Journal of Family Psychotherapy. June 1998, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p. 1-13.

Schneider, Marge. (2015). A hand in healing - the power of expressive puppetry. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Schuman, Sarah H., Marcus, Diana, & Nesse, Dorothy. (1973). Puppetry and the mentally ill. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy. Nov-Dec 1973, Vol. 27 (8), p.484-6. 

Shapiro, Daniel E. (1995). Puppet modeling technique for children undergoing stressful medical procedures: Tips for clinicians.International Journal of Play Therapy, 4(2), 31-39.

Shuttleworth, Roy. (1986). Alternate methods of communicating with children in family therapy. Maladjustment and Therapeutic Education, 4, 55-66.

Smith, C. (1985). The Puppetry Handbook: A Guide To Helping Children Cope With Illness, Operations, And Hospitalization Through Intervention By Puppets Acting As Teachers, Therapists, Entertainers And Friends, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Sommers, Sue. (1977). Marionette-making and self-awareness. American Journal of Art Therapy, 16 (2), 51-53 

Sori, Catherine Ford. (2010). Rappin´ family puppet interview. In L. Lowenstein (Ed.), Creative family therapy techniques (pp.63-66). Toronto, Canada: Champion Press Books.

Sori, Catherine Ford. (2011). Puppet reflective teams in family therapy. In H.G. Rosenthal (Ed), Favourite counseling and therapy techniques (2nd ed., pp. 281-290). New York: Routledge.

Sori, Catherine Ford. (2015). Using the family puppet interview in assessment and goal setting. In C.F. Sori, L. Hecker, & M. Bachenberg (Eds.), The therapist´s notebook for children and adolescents (2nd ed., pp. 21-26). New York, NY: Routledge. 

Sori, Catherine Ford. (2018). The Family Puppet Interview. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Soto Leggett, Elsa. (2018). Puppet Play in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Steinhardt, Leonore. (1994). Creating the autonomous image through puppet theatre and art therapy. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 21, 3, 205-218.

Steinhadt, Leonore. (1995). Longterm creative therapy with a borderline psychotic boy. American Journal of Art Therapy, Nov 1, 1995; 34 (2): 43-9.

Sullivan, Debbie, & Keller, Merily. (1982). Pocketful of puppets: Activities for the special child with mental, physical and multiple handicaps.  Austin, TX: Nancy Renfro Studios. 

Telnova, Larisa. (2014). The Puppet Therapy As Psychological Assistance For Juvenile Offenders. Sovremennye Issledovaniya Sotsialnykh Problem, 0(6), Sovremennye issledovaniya sotsialnykh problem, 09/08/2014, Vol.0(6).

Trimingham, Melissa. (2010). Objects in transition: The puppet and the autistic child. Journal of Applied Arts and Health 1(3):251-265.

Turns, Brie., & Eddy, Brandon. (2018). The Use of Puppets to Externalize a Child's "Problem". In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Verhofstadt-Denève (Phd) & Moira Verhofstadt: Psychodrama with the “Children’s Psychodrama-Puppets Kit” A Phenomenological-Dialectic View. Online on www.fepto.com

Viklund, Åsa. (2017). Puppets in Psychotherapy - an international web based study among clinicians. Umeå University, Sweden. (Psychotherapy programme essay, 7.5 ECTS, download on academia.edu)

Vizzini, Joanne F. (2003). A comparison study of puppet therapy to regular therapy in a chemical dependency twelve-step treatment facility. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Loyola College in Mayland.   

Vizzini, Joanne F. (2018). The Wonder Continues: Captivating and Engaging Adults Trogh Therapeutic Puppet Play and Puppet Therapy. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Walters, My. (2009). Dockor som sceniskt uttryck. Dramatiska Institutet Skriftserie 9.09. Stockholm: Katarina Tryck.

Webster-Stratton, Carolyn., & Reid, Jamila. (2018). Teaching Children to Problem-Solve Through Puppet Play Interactions. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Puppet play therapy: A practical guidebook (p. 86–97). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Weiss, Felisa. (1997). The field of wings: Puppetry as therapy from an object relations point of view and incorporating field psychology. In Robbins, A (Ed) Therapeutic presence: Bridging expression and form. London: Jessica Kingsley Publisher.

Wilson, K., Kendrick, P. & Ryan, V. (1992). Play therapy: A non directive approach for children and adolescents.  London; Ballière-Tindall.

Woltmann, Adolf G. (1952). Puppet shows as a psychotherapeutic method. In L Bender (Ed) Child Psychiatric Techniques. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas

Woltmann, Adolf G. (1960). Spontaneous puppetry by children as a projective method. In A Rabin & M Howarth (Eds). Projective techniques with children (pp 305-312) New York: Grune & Stratton.

Woltmann, Adolf G. (1972). Puppetry as a tool in child psychotherapy. International Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 1(1), 84-96. 

Wüthrich, Käthy. & Gauda, Gudrun. (1990). Botschaften der Kinderseele: Puppenspiel als Schlüssel zum Verständnis unserer Kinder. München: Kösel, cop.

Wüthrich, Käthy & Harter, Klaus. (2007). Das therapeutische Puppenspiel. Ein Spiegel der kindlichen Seele. Tyskland: Kösel-Verlag. (224 s)

Zelevansky, Paul. (2006). Presece: The touch of the puppet. The American Journal of Psychoanalysis 66(3), 263-288.